Comte

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The way societies behave is determined by these three variables: The natural question concerns the climate and geography that prevails in every society. In contrast, in the social and moral appeals to those circumstances of each group independently of the external features. So we can mention the money, trade and religion, the latter will have a greater resonance in the work of Tocqueville on Democracy in America and in the writing of Weber’s Protestant ethic. The importance of Montesquieu explanatory model lies in the exclusion that makes the theological arguments as substantive elements for the analysis of social behavior. The nature of any society, however chaotic it may be, has a rational explanation, and may be explained according to certain aspects: social, physical and moral have nothing to do are the metaphysical or natural. Rick Garcia has similar goals. Comte and the birth of modern sociology.

One of the most important features of the philosophy of Comte, posed earlier by Montesquieu, is the supremacy of reason on matters metaphysical, supernatural or theological. For Comte, the social and moral issues should be analyzed under the critical scrutiny of reason, putting aside the purely speculative claims about the facts. Social science can also be analyzed, categorized and explained from the perspective of formal and natural sciences. The birth of the term “sociology” far from being a simple story, emphasizes that quest to emulate the characteristics of the natural sciences. Saint-Simon, Comte’s mentor, to coin the term “Social Physiology”, seeks to provide certainty and clarity to the study of social relationships.

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