General Hospital


The creation of the General Hospital more is related to the combat to the beggary of what to the occupation of the interns. According to Foucault, the internment is a proper institucional creation to century XVII. It assumed, since the beginning, an amplitude that does not allow a comparison it with the arrest as this age practised in the Average Age. As economic measure and social precaution, it she has value of invention. But in the history of the madness, it she assigns a decisive event: the moment where madness is perceived in the social horizon of the poverty, of the disability for work, the impossibility to combine itself in the group: the moment where it starts to insert itself in the context of the problems of the city. During all the classic, after the invention of the internment, the insane people had age had the same luck of all the libertines. However, in the second half of century XVIII, they start to appear protests against this situation. Protests are directed against the mixture made between the insane people and the not-insane people and not against the relation between insane people and the internment.

The theory of the assistance of this end of century XVIII makes of the natural space of the cure not it hospital, but the family of the sick person. To the few, the ideal of the creation of private houses only to the insensatos goes if configuring. The bourgeois society recognizes its responsibility stops with madness. What the classic internment hid, because the society of it felt shame, in this end of century XVIIII it is shown as such, transformed into public and familiar thing. If now it has shame, it will have to be lived by the culprits. It appears, then a psychology, a knowledge of the psychological interioridade of the man. End of century XVIII: the more the insane person corporally is coerced, more the imagination if he degrades.

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